“Special educational needs” is a term used to describe learning difficulties or disabilities that make learning more difficult than the majority of children of the
It is a fundamental sensory function, present from birth. The newborn possesses a wide range of well-defined visual abilities: for example, he is capable to
The global functional assessment is needed just to take stock of the situation and
answers to questions: is everything allright ? Could we do something else for our
child ? Should we contact a specialist ? Should we register him for kindergarten ?
In short, it tells us what stage that particular child has achieved, considering his age,
about every area concerning the cognition and psychomotor development.
To do so, we refer to a last generation development scale: Griffiths III
The hospitalization in Neonatal Intensive Care could include not very adequate sensory stimuli. These
sensory experiences interact with the newborn’s would-be typical psychomotor development.
Consequences could be suffered, moreover, by the process of “connectivity”, indeed all those connections
between neurons which allow brain’s functions.
From that comes the necessity to intervene already during hospital period to give a positive sensory
stimulation, like the Kangaroo Care ( newborn is put over mother’s belly, with head on the breast, just to
help breast-feeding, sensory inputs of multiple nature and the bond between child and parent ), the
Handling ( holding the little preterm baby in hands ) the Piomi method (a series of oral and perioral
sensorimotor stimulations which aim to optimize the feeding of the newborn ); all these positive inputs also
reduce negative ones’ range and effects.
With these concepts in mind it is possible to aim to a NIC’s continuous innovation supporting newborn’s
psychomotor development in short and in long term.